Papua New Guinea Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (PNGEITI)


This is about all News and Press Statements


Left to Right: PNGEITI Head of National Secretariat Mr. Lucas Alkan, PNGEITI MSG Acting Chairman Mr. John Uware , JICA Chief Representative Mr. MATSUOKA Hideaki, and Mr. Channan Kumalau of the Department of Petroleum after the signing today.

PORT MORESBY: A three-year technical cooperation between the PNG Extractive Industries Transparency (PNGEITI) and JICA will boost data transparency in the PNG Mining and petroleum sectors.

This will be made possible with the signing of “Record of Discussion” between PNGEITI Stakeholders and JICA experts undertaken in August this year.

The Record of Discussion which forms the basis for the execution of the technical cooperation was signed in Port Moresby today by Mr. John Uware who is acting Chairman of the PNGEITI Multi- Stakeholder Group with Mr. Matsuoka Hideaki from the JICA side.

This signing marks phase two of the JICA/PNGEITI technical cooperation aimed at Improving Resource Related Revenue Management through enhanced EITI Reporting. This second phase will commence in March, 2024.

The PNGEITI Head of National Secretariat Lucas Alkan thanked the Government of Japan through JICA for its continued support in the Government of PNG’s effort to implement the EITI Global Standard to improve extractive sector governance. He acknowledged JICA for coming on board for the second time to help improve extractive transparency which is the core mandate of the EITI – in the PNG Mining and petroleum space.

“PNGEITI is happy that we’ve signed on the record of discussions that was conducted within the month of August by JICA experts”, Mr Alkan said.

“The second project will be undertaken by JICA experts to continue building and improving capacity at the Department of Petroleum and Energy from work that was undertaken in Phase 1 of the project and at the same time, focus on building capacity at the Auditor General’s Office to improve financial data quality, reliability and timely availability of resource related data and information for public use,” Mr. Alkan explained.

The Head of PNGEITI Secretariat said that the three-year program would basically pick up from where JICA had left off at the Department of Petroleum and Energy when Phase 1 of the project ended a year ago and determine ways to improve the quality of the financial data for EITI reporting and to ensure that more resources-related information is made publicly available for transparency purpose as required by the EITI Global Standard. The project is also intended to assist strengthen capacity at the Auditor General’s Office to ensure that the financial data that are used in the EITI annual reports are audited and are reliable to improve the quality of these reports.

Mr Alkan said the JICA technical cooperation program in that it will specifically focus on building and strengthening capacities at two key government organisations; the Department of Petroleum and Energy and the office of the Auditor General. Addressing weaknesses in data reliability and quality in these two agencies would be important to the work of the PNGEITI Secretariat in its endeavour to addressing the data and information gaps as highlighted through the EITI reporting process.

Present during the occasion included key representatives from beneficiary government entities, namely the Department of Petroleum and the PNG Office of the Auditor General.


Approved for Release by Mr. Lucas Alkan

PNGEITI Head of National Secretariat



The Papua New Guinea Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (PNGEITI) today (31st March, 2023) announces the publication of two flagship reports covering the fiscal years 2020 and 2021 for the extractive sector.

The reports, sanctioned by the PNGEITI Multi Stakeholder Group (MSG) comprising representatives from relevant government institutions, extractive industry companies and civil society organizations is a culmination of team work from this tripartite oversight body that has been working diligently since 2013.

The purpose of the EITI report is to continue to present to our populace a comprehensive description on the operation of the PNG extractive sector, its contributions to the domestic economy and most importantly, the transparency and accountability of revenues and other benefits received by the Government and the affected landowners and communities.

The EITI Reports build on the progress made in the preceding reports that have already been published, implementing recommendations made from the early reports in terms of addressing data and information gaps and increasing the comprehensiveness, reliability and quality of the reports.

The Reports are published in accordance with the requirements of the international best practice standard known as the EITI Global Standard. PNG is among 53 resource rich countries reporting against the EITI Standard.

A summary of the which is the 2021 Report (latest report) and the reports are presented below.






The PNGEITI Head of Secretariat Mr. Lucas Alkan says all parties to the Pogera Mine must adhere to rules governing the extractive industry, particularly when dealing with fiscal matters that must be administered and observed according to law. His comments follow a news article on The National citing the Internal Revenue Commission (IRC) that unmet tax obligations of the Pogera mine stood in the way to expedite the mine re-opening process.  Mr. Alkan says a workable and timely strategy that does not impinge on basic laws is a way forward.   Below is the full comment on this issue. 

“The Papua New Guinea Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (PNGEITI) commends The National newspaper for attempting to bring to light what appears to be the final outstanding issue (among others) in the Porgera Mine recommencement negotiations (more on this in footnote). We’ve noted from the reporting that taxation matters are legacy issues that appear to be standing in the way for the multi-million-kina Porgera Gold Mine to re-open.

We have observed that the Government was on track to conclude negotiations and re-open the Mine by June last year, however this did not eventuate as anticipated. Attempts to reopening the Mine in the second half of last year was not feasible due to the national general elections and the formation of government. It appeared that all negotiations were concluded and a new Porgera Mining Agreement Framework was in place for the Mine to be re-opened in the first quarter of this year.

Surprisingly, we learn that an old Porgera Tax liability dispute is standing in the way for the Mine to be re-opened. The early recommencement of the Mine, preferably within the first quarter of this year is critical for the country as the lead time required for mobilizing resources and the significant start-up capital needed to get the mine back into its full operating capacity would be a significant challenge. On this, we are aware there are also discussions going on with the developer and the government as to who is going to meet the startup cost but we understand Barrick Niugini Limited might meet the full cost of starting up the Mine and government would refund later but unsure as to whether this understanding has been reached or not yet.

With regards to the current standoff, the EITI based on its global best practice principles is of the view that the existing law governing taxation matters must dictate or take precedence over any political intervention. We do not know the specifics of the on-going tax matter but understand that it is related to a tax dispute concerning the ‘old Porgera Mine’. If it is a significant amount of tax owed by Barrick to the Government based IRC’s audit in 2013 then it is a legal tax obligation that Barrick and its joint venture partners need to settle as required by law.

We fail to understand as to why the old Porgera tax obligation/liability clause was inserted into the new Porgera Mining Framework Agreement making it a condition to resolve this legacy tax issue before reopening the Mine. If whatever was reported and commented by PM Marape recently is true then Barrick Niugini Limited and the State need to speed up the negotiation process and resolve this dispute immediately. Both parties should exercise good faith – Barrick Niugini Limited should not pull strings on this old Porgera tax liability matter and delay the re-opening of the Mine. It is understood the State (IRC) may not easily forego if there is a substantial amount of tax liability to be paid by the operator.

Whatever the parties decide to do, they should resolve the tax liability issue through the due process of law but allow the Mine to re-open immediately under the New Porgera Framework Agreement. Political intervention is not recommended to resolve this dispute as this can undermine investor confidence, set bad precedence for the Government and create an uneven playing field for project developers. Barrack Niugini Limited should not put undue pressure on the State to resolve this matter politically in order to re-open the mine as it is not a best business practice.

All stakeholders and the citizens have the right to know the specific issues or the nature of this tax liability issue between Barrick Niugini Limited (BNL) and the Internal Revenue Commission (IRC) as the continued delay in re-opening the Mine continues to have negative consequences on the economy.  The prolonged delay has not only resulted in significant revenue loss to the Government (including the provincial and local level governments in the impacted resource area) but also loss of employment, business opportunities and spin-off benefits to the landowners and the wider communities.

The shutting down of the Mine 3 years ago has had significant negative consequences on the economy including the current foreign exchange shortage that has constrained business operations in the other sectors of the economy. Porgera Mine had been a good source of foreign exchange inflows and its continued shutdown will definitely not going to contribute to the 4% economic growth (that was largely to be driven by the extractive sector) projected for by the World Bank for last year and the real GDP growth of 4% projected for this year in the 2023 National Budget.

PNGEITI commends the transparent negotiation process to date that took substantial amount of time and effort to ensure the interests of all parties were reflected in those agreements. We encourage all parties to continue to respect and observe the laws of the land in this dispute resolution process to address the tax liability issue. We believe that a win-win situation for both parties (Government and Barrick) is to re-open the mine first and work together to resolve the outstanding tax liability dispute later going forward.


Note: This article was initially written for The National newspaper as response note to media query.


PNGEITI Calls for Transparency in the Sovereign Wealth Fund Arrangement 

November 18. 2022

PNGEITI calls for Transparency mechanisms to be built into the Sovereign Fund Wealth Arrangement

Transparency mechanisms built into the topical Papua New Guinea Sovereign Wealth Fund (SFW) will enable an effective functioning of the fund, according to the PNG Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative.

PNGEITI welcomed the announcement of an initial injection of K5.6 million into the fund making it operational more than five years after the enactment of its enabling legislation. However, the PNGEITI raised concern over the lack of transparency around the operational and structural se-up of the fund.

“While PNGEITI commends the operationalization of the fund, the status quo raises transparency questions that needs to be answered by way of building in transparency mechanisms into the SWF arrangement”  Head of PNGEITI National Secretariat Mr Lucas Alkan said.
“The PNGEITI which has been implementing the global best practice standard on transparency around revenues generated from the mining and petroleum sectors of the economy strongly holds the view that international best practice standard is also built into the SWF arrangement for better governance of the SWF operation, derived from the Santiago principles to be adhered to,” Mr. Lucas Alkan said.

“One of the key objectives for SWF under the Santiago principle underpins a transparent and sound  governance structure that provides for adequate operational controls, risks management and accountability- PNGEITI strongly encourages that this objective be fully met in the PNG SWF set-up.

“SWF are  regarded as important players in the international monetary system and for Papua New Guinea to have one requires due diligence in ensuring the fund stands out well in the international monetary system and is credible” Mr Alkan commented.

“Consistent with the Santiago principles, the PNG SWF must bear economic and financial benefits for Papua New Guinea and the international financial system.

“We welcome the first SWF payment and hope to capture more payments and distributions of funds in the EITI Reports, particularly those taken from our lucrative extractive industry.

While commenting on the Government’s effort to operationalise the long-awaited SWF which is a positive step Mr Alkan said the Government needed to seriously conclude its pending dividend policy review and address the current parallel arrangements or set ups through the Kumul entities that have been empowered through their respective boards as to how much windfall revenues from the extractive sector could be paid to the Treasury or the SWF. He said to ensure the SWF operates on a strong financial footing to perform what it was set up to do, it needs to have access to all the windfalls that come out from extractive sector.

“The opportunity cost of parking such funds (which may be significant in the long run when commodity prices are good) in entities of State that are playing duplicate functions will not assist in using such windfalls to pay down current high levels of public debt.

We would be better off using the windfalls to pay off current high levels of debt than parking money in such arrangements that may be tempted to use for other purpose than what was intended for originally. Therefore, transparency mechanism is highly encouraged in the SWF set up”, Mr Alkan suggested.

“We have had similar experiences in the 1980s and 1990s where the so-called commodity stabilisation funds that were established for similar purpose that never worked and we need to learn from these and ensure the SWF is properly established and operationalised,” Mr Alkan said.


Photo caption: 2019 file photo – PNGEITI during a meeting with its stakeholders and international development partner. 

PNGEITI Calls for Transparency in the Sovereign Wealth Fund Arrangement  Read More »

EITI International Secretariat Post Validation Visit to Papua New Guinea

November 11, 2022


An EITI International mission led by its Executive Director Mark Robinson to Papua New Guinea concluded today on a good note.

The EITI International team comprised of the EITI Executive Director, the Director for Asia and the Pacific and the Country Lead for Papua New Guinea arrived this week for a 3 days consultation with the Stakeholders that included the PNGEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group including the development partners.

The mission’s main objective was to  meet and discuss the outcome and findings of Papua New Guinea’s second EITI Validation (country assessment report) with various players in the extractive consisting representatives from extractive companies, government departments, extractive SOEs and civil society bodies which provided leadership and guidance in guiding the implementation of the EITI Global Best Practice Standard in PNG’s mining and petroleum sector.

Head of the PNGEITI National Secretariat Mr. Lucas Alkan said “The visit by the international team to Papua New Guinea just under a month after they have issued their verdict on Papua New Guinea’s progress in implementing the EITI Standard  last month recognizes the important role  the EITI  plays in promoting transparency and addressing governance issues in the extractive industry ” PNGEITI head of National Secretariat Mr. Lucas Alkan said.

“The world is in a transitional phase, moving away from carbon dependent fuels to address climate change. In this transition, minerals will play an important role in putting companies and government alike under pressure to mine more as the demand for minerals increase to build carbon neutral machines like electric vehicles.

This means Papua New Guinea will be under pressure to undertake mining and petroleum development activities where there is potential for illegal practices and corruption to creep in given such circumstance.  EITI will play in important role in this transition period to hold authorities and companies accountable for their conduct in managing the sector and to abide by the rules and regulations governing the extractive sector in our jurisdiction.

Photo caption: L-R: Emanuel Bria, Country Officer – Asia, Mark Robinson EITI Executive Director and Lucas Alkan Head of PNGEITI National Secretariat during a press conference held on the last day of the mission, Friday November 11, 2022.  

EITI International Secretariat Post Validation Visit to Papua New Guinea Read More »


October 31, 2022


Following Papua New Guinea first Extractive Industries Transparency initiative (EITI) validation in 2018, the EITI international governing body has issued its second assessment on the country’s progress in implementing the EITI Standard.

The assessment suggests that Papua New Guinea has not made any significant progress from its first validation in 2018 where it achieved ‘meaningful progress’ (satisfactory achievement). The second validation undertaken this year demonstrated that PNG had made ‘moderate progress’ which is basically an average middle score. Though the first validation was based on the 2016 EITI and the second validation was based on the 2019 EITI Standard, the bottom line scoring granted was an average or a median score in the overall EITI global assessment score card.

Released by the EITI Board on 4th October, 2022, the Papua New Guinea EITI Validation report provides a critical and independent opinion and assessment on the role EITI should play in enhancing transparency and good governance in the extractive sector to derive the best outcome for the economy and its citizens from the development of PNG’s rich mineral wealth.

PNGEITI Head of National Secretariat Mr. Lucas Alkan welcomed the EITI Board’s candid assessment and decision on PNG’s effort to implement the EITI, describing it as fair assessment, taking into account the efforts put in by the PNGEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group over the years since 2013 when the Government signed up to implement the EITI.

“The implementation of the EITI Standard in Papua New Guinea had its own set of challenges but steady and improved progress had been made to ensure the quality and comprehensiveness of EITI reporting improved over time by addressing the gaps that were identified in the first validation for PNG to meet all the requirements of the EITI Standards with the objective of becoming a compliant  country,” Mr. Alkan said.

“We consider the second country assessment as consolidating the corrective actions that have been taken and the work currently in progress. PNG has made significant progress in implementing the EITI relative to other economies around the world that are implementing the same EITI Standard.

“Domestically, credit must go to all stakeholders particularly the tripartite body, the Multi Stakeholder Group (PNGEITI MSG) Chaired by the Treasurer. This ensured that the information required by the EITI International Secretariat and the independent validators for this assessment were transmitted with efficiently.

The information and data supplied were highly verifiable which provided the confidence required for the EITI International Secretariat and its independent validators in conducting and delivering the second EITI Validation assessment,” Mr. Alkan said.

“Papua New Guinea has fully met ten, mostly met twelve and partly met seven requirements, with three requirements assessed as not applicable.

I am very optimistic that PNG will soon become one of the leading EITI implementing countries in the world, attributed to the commitment that have been put into the EITI implementation activities over the years by the PNGEITI Multi Stakeholder Group. This level of commitment had grown from strength to strength, influenced by such reviews and independent country assessments” he said.

The EITI is a global standard for reporting company payments and government receipts as revenues from the extractive sector. These payments and receipts are reconciled by an independent auditor and the information is disclosed through the annual EITI reports for public debates.

PNG operationalized EITI implementation in 2015 and published its first report in 2016.  Since then it has so far published seven country reports covering successive financial years. The 2021 and 2020 reports are now being worked on and are expected to be published by December this  year.

Download Full Validation Report: PNG Final Validation report 2022

Photo caption: Members of the PNGEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group, during the first quarter meeting this year.